1908 JOSHUA S. COSDEN
|Joshua S. Cosden|
1910 COSDENS BIGHEART REFINERY
By 1910, Cosden had finished building his skimming plant in Bigheart and named it the Southwestern Refining Company. Cosden and his wife operated all aspects of the facility while living in a tent on the property. Other larger oil barons would call his small facility a “teapot refinery” due to its small size.
1911 BIGHEART TORNADO
|Train cars of oil north of Bigheart|
|Main Street, Bigheart Oklahoma, April 12, 1911|
|Bigheart school after tornado hit on April 12 1911|
|Midland Valley Station at Bigheart Oklahoma|
after the tornado
1913 FIRE AT THE COSDEN REFINERY
Early on June 4, 1913 a fire destroyed the boiler house and stills of the Southwestern Refining Company in Bigheart. The loss was totaled at $16,000. Only a small portion was covered by insurance. The cause of the fire was unknown. Cosden rebuilt the boiler house and stills. He borrowed $1000 on his life insurance and paid it down on an option for an abandoned refinery in west Tulsa.
1914 INDIAN TERRITORY ILLUMINATING OIL COMPANY OIL WELL
|City oil well #1, Bigheart Oklahoma|
1915 BIGHEART FLOOD
Not much is known about the flood that happened in 1915 but its been told that the waters from Bird Creek reached up to where 6th Street and Main Street are today.
1916 BARNSDALL OIL COMPANY
The Barnsdall Oil Company discovers the Bigheart (later known as the Barnsdall Oil Field) oil field.
1917 COSDEN SELLS REFINERY
Joshua Cosden sells the Southwestern Refining Company refinery in Bigheart Oklahoma to Stone and Webster of Boston, Mass. which owns nearby oil production around Bigheart. The sale changes the name of the refinery to the Bigheart Oil and Refining Company. The price was said to be $650,000, which Cosden took to help his west Tulsa refinery. With the sale of the Bigheart refinery is a rumor that the Standard Oil Company has obtained control or is seeking to get control of stock ownership of the west Tulsa refinery. T. N. Barnsdall was a close associate with the Standard Oil Company and some of its operators, giving in to the conclusion that Barnsdall and the Standard Oil Company were trying to buy in on the Cosden refinery. Theodore N. Barnsdall dies on February 27 1917 at his home in Pennsylvania, he was 67 years old.
1919 NITRO EXPLOSION
A wagon loaded with high explosives for use in the nearby oil fields struck a rut in the street as it was being driven through the residence section of Bigheart, Oklahoma, as a result nine people are dead, and a score of others were injured. The residence of Lath Harris, in front of which the explosion occurred, was leveled to the ground. Harris and his wife were fatally wounded and their three-year-old baby boy was killed. The explosion rocked the entire town. Eight houses were demolished and some of the dead were killed by the falling debris. Not a building in town escaped damage. A hole big enough to bury a half dozen wagons, was torn in the street. Telephone wires were torn down and except for a single railroad wire, the town was cut off from communication. The wagon was driven by W. R. English, an experienced man in the handling of explosives and a rider, Bob Kinda. No trace of their bodies, wagon or the horses had been found. Only two quarts of nitroglycerin were in the wagon. This explosion was said to have taken place at the present intersection of Second Street and Cedar Street.
1920 WILLIAM GABLE ARRIVES IN BIGHEART
|William "Bill" Gable and his son Clark|
1921 BIGHEART TO BARNSDALL
Early in 1921 The Barnsdall Oil Company acquires the Bigheart Producing and Refining Company in Bigheart Oklahoma. By order of the post office department on November 21, 1921 the town of Bigheart, Oklahoma was changed to Barnsdall. Located in Barnsdall is the refinery of the Barnsdall Refining Company and also the machine shops and boiler works of the Barnsdall Oil Company. The town had great growth over its last four years due to its activities of the Barnsdall Companies. The people of the community desired to perpetuate the oil baron and filed a petition at Pawhuska, Oklahoma asking the county commissioners to change the name to Barnsdall. This petition was unanimously granted and afterwards all papers were sent to Washington requesting the post office department to change the name.
|Bigheart Main Street around 1915|
|Barnsdall Main Street around 1922|